How to Grow and Care for Calathea Zebrina (Zebra Plant)
Updated: 16 Sep, 2023
The Calathea zebrina, renowned for its distinctive striped leaves, is often affectionately referred to as the zebra plant due to this striking feature. Much like its well-known relative, the prayer plant, the zebra plant boasts leaves that exhibit a vibrant shade of green adorned with elegant dark green stripes. However, it’s not just their appearance that unites these tropical houseplants; they share the intriguing habit of raising or folding their leaves come nightfall.
The Calathea zebrina is capable of achieving an impressive height of up to three feet, with its leaves extending up to two feet in length. This remarkable specimen not only captivates with its visual allure but also adds an engaging botanical dynamism to indoor spaces, making it a cherished choice among plant enthusiasts.
What is Calathea Zebrina?
Calathea Zebrina, commonly known as the Zebra Plant, is a tropical houseplant revered for its striking and unique foliage. Its leaves are characterized by vibrant shades of green with distinctive dark green stripes, reminiscent of a zebra’s patterns. This visual feature gives rise to its popular name.
Native to the tropical regions of Brazil, Calathea Zebrina belongs to the Marantaceae family, which includes various other species known for their decorative leaves. It is a popular choice among plant enthusiasts for its captivating appearance and ability to add a touch of exotic elegance to indoor spaces.
In addition to its visual appeal, the Calathea Zebrina shares certain behaviors with its close relatives, such as the prayer plant. One notable trait is its ability to raise or fold its leaves in response to changes in light or as day turns into night, creating an engaging and dynamic aspect to its presence.
|3 ft. tall, 2-3 ft. wide
|Loamy, Moist but Well-drained
Calathea Zebrina Care
Calathea zebrinas thrive in indirect, bright light. They should be shielded from direct sunlight, which can scorch their delicate leaves. Consider placing them near a north or east-facing window, or use sheer curtains to filter the light.
Temperature and Humidity:
Maintain a warm and humid environment for your Calathea zebrina. They prefer temperatures between 65-75°F (18-24°C) and high humidity levels. If the air is dry, consider using a humidifier or placing the pot on a tray filled with water and pebbles.
These plants prefer consistently moist soil but should never be allowed to sit in waterlogged conditions. Water thoroughly when the top inch of soil is dry, and ensure that excess water can drain freely from the pot’s bottom.
A well-draining, peat-based potting mix is ideal for Calathea zebrinas. It should retain moisture without becoming waterlogged. Consider adding perlite or orchid bark to improve drainage.
During the growing season (spring and summer), feed your Calathea zebrina every 4-6 weeks with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half strength. Avoid fertilizing in the dormant period (fall and winter).
Pruning and Maintenance:
Remove any yellowing or damaged leaves promptly to encourage healthy growth. Regularly dust the leaves to keep them free from dust, which can hinder their ability to absorb light.
Repot Calathea zebrinas every 2-3 years or when the roots outgrow their current container. Spring is the best time for repotting. Ensure the new pot is only slightly larger to prevent overpotting.
Keep an eye out for common pests like spider mites, aphids, and mealybugs. If infestations occur, treat with insecticidal soap or neem oil, ensuring to cover both sides of the leaves.
Dealing with Leaf Curling:
Leaf curling can be a response to environmental stress. Check the plant’s light, temperature, and humidity levels to ensure they are within the recommended range.
Calathea zebrinas can be propagated through division during repotting in spring. Gently separate the plant into smaller sections, each with roots attached, and plant them in their own pots with fresh soil.
Potting and Repotting Calathea Zebrina
Selecting the Right Pot: Choose a pot that has drainage holes to prevent water from pooling at the bottom. Ensure it is slightly larger than the current container to allow room for growth.
Preparing the Soil: Calathea zebrinas thrive in well-draining, peat-based soil. You can also mix in perlite or orchid bark to improve aeration.
Placing the Plant: Place the plant in the center of the pot, ensuring the root ball is centered and positioned slightly below the rim of the container.
Adding Soil: Gently fill the pot with soil around the root ball, pressing it down lightly to secure the plant. Leave about an inch of space at the top to avoid soil spillage when watering.
Watering After Potting: Give the plant a thorough watering to settle the soil and hydrate the roots.
Observation: Monitor the plant for the next few days to ensure it adjusts well to its new environment.
Signs it’s Time to Repot:
- The plant has outgrown its current pot and appears root-bound.
- Growth has significantly slowed, or the plant is struggling despite proper care.
- Water drains quickly through the bottom, indicating the soil is compacted.
Choosing the New Pot: Opt for a pot that is 1-2 inches larger in diameter than the current one. Ensure it has drainage holes.
Gently Removing the Plant: Water the plant a day or two before repotting. This will make it easier to remove from the pot. Hold the base of the plant and gently tip the pot upside down to slide it out.
Inspecting and Dividing: Examine the roots for any signs of rot or damage. If the plant has grown large enough, this may be a good opportunity to divide it for propagation.
Adding Fresh Soil: Place a layer of fresh, well-draining soil in the bottom of the new pot. Set the plant in the center, ensuring it’s at the same depth as before.
Filling and Watering: Fill the sides with more soil, gently pressing it down. Water thoroughly to settle the soil and hydrate the roots.
Observation: Keep a close eye on the plant in the following weeks to ensure it adjusts well to its new home.
Common Problems With Calathea Zebrina
Calathea zebrinas are stunning plants, but like any houseplant, they can face a few challenges. Here are some common problems and how to address them:
- Cause: This can be due to overwatering, poor drainage, or exposure to direct sunlight.
- Solution: Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. Ensure the pot has drainage holes, and move the plant to a location with indirect light.
Brown Leaf Tips:
- Cause: Low humidity levels are often the culprit. Dry air can cause the tips of the leaves to brown.
- Solution: Increase humidity by misting the plant regularly, using a humidifier, or placing a tray of water near the plant.
- Cause: Calathea zebrinas naturally raise their leaves at night, but if they remain curled during the day, it may be due to underwatering or low humidity.
- Solution: Ensure the soil is consistently moist (but not waterlogged) and take steps to increase humidity.
- Cause: This can be a sign of both overwatering and underwatering. It’s important to find the right balance.
- Solution: Check the moisture level of the soil regularly. Adjust watering frequency accordingly.
- Common Pests: Spider mites, aphids, and mealybugs can occasionally infest Calathea zebrinas.
- Solution: Treat infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Isolate the plant if necessary to prevent the pests from spreading.
- Cause: Overwatering or poorly draining soil can lead to root rot, which manifests as wilting, yellowing, or mushy roots.
- Solution: Trim away affected roots and repot the plant in well-draining soil. Adjust watering practices to prevent future occurrences.
Fading Foliage Colors:
- Cause: Insufficient light can lead to loss of vibrancy in the stripes.
- Solution: Move the plant to a location with brighter, indirect light to help maintain its striking foliage.
Stress During Transportation:
- Cause: If the plant has been recently shipped or transported, it may experience some stress.
- Solution: Give the plant a few days to acclimate to its new environment. Ensure it receives proper care and conditions.
Managing Pests and Disease
Effective pest and disease management is crucial for maintaining healthy and thriving plants. Here are some key strategies to consider:
Regular Inspection: Begin by regularly inspecting your plants for any signs of pests or diseases. Look for unusual spots, discoloration, wilting, or any visible pests like insects or mites.
Isolation: If you identify a plant with pests or a disease, isolate it from others to prevent the issue from spreading. This is especially important for indoor plants.
Cultural Practices: Maintain proper cultural practices like providing appropriate light, water, and humidity levels. Healthy plants are less susceptible to pests and diseases.
Sanitation: Keep your gardening tools and equipment clean. Dispose of any infected or severely damaged plant material properly. Avoid over-crowding plants, as good air circulation can prevent many diseases.
Natural Predators: Encourage natural predators like ladybugs, lacewings, and predatory mites that feed on pests. Introducing beneficial insects can help maintain a balanced ecosystem.
Neem Oil and Insecticidal Soap: These are organic solutions that can be effective against a wide range of pests. They work by suffocating or disrupting the feeding habits of insects.
Diatomaceous Earth: This natural, abrasive powder can be used to deter crawling insects. It’s harmless to plants but can be effective against pests like ants, slugs, and beetles.
Biological Controls: Consider using beneficial nematodes, predatory insects, or microbial insecticides that target specific pests without harming beneficial organisms.
Chemical Control: If necessary, use chemical pesticides as a last resort. Always choose the least toxic option and follow label instructions carefully.
Quarantine New Plants: When introducing new plants to your collection, keep them separate for a period of time to ensure they are not carrying any pests or diseases.
Disease-Resistant Varieties: When possible, select plant varieties that are known for their resistance to common diseases in your area.
Monitor and Adjust: Continuously monitor your plants and adjust your pest management strategies as needed. What works for one type of pest may not be effective for another.
Best Uses for Calathea Zebrina
The Calathea Zebrina, with its stunning striped foliage, is a versatile and visually captivating plant that can be utilized in various settings. Here are some of the best uses for this unique botanical specimen:
Indoor Decor: The striking appearance of the Calathea Zebrina makes it an exceptional choice for interior decoration. It adds an element of natural beauty and interest to any room, whether it’s a living space, office, or even a bathroom.
Statement Piece: Due to its distinctively patterned leaves, the Calathea Zebrina serves as an eye-catching focal point in any setting. Its bold, graphic appearance makes it an excellent choice for those looking to make a statement with their plant selection.
Container Gardening: This plant thrives in containers, making it an excellent choice for those with limited outdoor space. Its compact size and striking foliage make it an ideal addition to patios, balconies, or even as a centerpiece in larger garden arrangements.
Shaded Gardens: In regions where direct sunlight is limited, the Calathea Zebrina’s preference for low to medium light levels makes it an excellent choice for shaded or partially shaded garden areas. It can add interest and texture to spaces where other plants may struggle.
Office Environments: Its adaptability to indoor conditions, including low light levels, makes the Calathea Zebrina an ideal choice for office settings. It can enhance the aesthetics of a workspace while contributing to a healthier indoor environment.
- Botanical Displays: Due to its unique foliage, the Calathea Zebrina is a popular choice for botanical displays and plant exhibitions. Its vibrant green leaves with dark stripes make it an attention-grabbing addition to any plant collection.
Educational Purposes: This plant is an excellent choice for educational purposes, whether in classrooms, botanical gardens, or educational workshops. Its distinct features, including its leaf movement, can be used to teach about plant adaptations and behavior.
Interior Landscaping: For larger commercial spaces, such as malls, hotels, or office buildings, the Calathea Zebrina can be used in interior landscaping designs to create a lush, green ambiance.
Low-Light Environments: Its tolerance for low light conditions makes it a great choice for rooms with limited natural sunlight, such as hallways, bathrooms, or spaces with few windows.
Gifts and Presents: Given its visual appeal and adaptability, the Calathea Zebrina makes for a thoughtful and unique gift for plant enthusiasts, nature lovers, or anyone looking to add a touch of natural elegance to their space.
Where Should I Place My Calathea Zebrina?
These plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves. They are well-suited for indoor environments and can be placed near windows with sheer curtains or in partially shaded areas.
How Often Should I Water My Zebra Plant?
Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering. Ensure good drainage to prevent root rot. Use lukewarm water, as cold water can shock the plant.
What’s the Ideal Temperature Range for Calathea Zebrina?
Maintain a warm and humid environment. They prefer temperatures between 65-75°F (18-24°C). Protect them from drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations.
Should I Fertilize My Zebra Plant?
During the growing season (spring and summer), feed with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 4-6 weeks. Reduce fertilization in the fall and winter months.
How Do I Increase Humidity for My Calathea Zebrina?
These plants thrive in high humidity. Mist the leaves regularly or use a humidifier. You can also place the pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water.
Why Are the Leaves of My Zebra Plant Curling or Browning?
This could be due to low humidity levels. Mist the leaves more frequently or increase humidity using a humidifier. Browning may also indicate overwatering or exposure to direct sunlight.
How Do I Propagate Calathea Zebrina?
Propagation is best done through division. During repotting, gently separate the plant into smaller sections, making sure each section has roots attached. Plant the divisions in fresh, well-draining soil.
Cultivating and caring for the Calathea Zebrina, or Zebra Plant, brings a touch of tropical elegance into any indoor space. Its distinctive striped foliage and captivating leaf movements make it a favorite among plant enthusiasts. By providing the right conditions, such as bright, indirect light, consistent watering, and a warm, humid environment, you can encourage its lush growth.
Remember to be mindful of potential issues like low humidity, overwatering, and exposure to direct sunlight, which can cause stress to the plant. Regular misting, using a humidifier, and maintaining proper watering practices can help address these concerns.