How to Propagate Peace Lily Plants at Home (The Easy Way)
Updated: 18 Jun, 2023
The Peace Lily, scientifically known as Spathiphyllum, is a popular and elegant houseplant that is cherished for its lush green foliage and beautiful white flowers. Not only does it enhance the aesthetic appeal of any indoor space, but it also offers numerous health benefits, such as purifying the air by removing toxins and improving humidity levels.
If you are a plant enthusiast or someone looking to add a touch of nature to your home, propagating Peace Lily plants can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. Propagation allows you to create new plants from existing ones, expanding your indoor garden without having to purchase additional specimens.
There are several methods you can employ to propagate Peace Lilies successfully. One common technique is division, which involves separating the plant into multiple smaller sections and replanting them individually. Another method is through stem cuttings, where you remove a healthy stem from the parent plant and encourage it to develop roots in a separate container.
What is a Peace Lily Plant?
The Peace Lily, belonging to the Spathiphyllum genus in the Araceae family, shares a distant relationship with plants like Arrowheads and Elephant Ears. While this beloved houseplant is cultivated worldwide, it originates from various regions in Central and South America, with certain species also found in tropical parts of Asia.
Peace Lily plants exhibit some slight variations across species, but they typically showcase dark green foliage that emerges directly from the soil on individual stems, creating a bushy appearance. With heights ranging from one to five feet and similar maximum widths, these plants produce distinctive bright white flowers on separate stems, characterized by their leaf-like structure. Beyond their aesthetic appeal, Peace Lilies hold symbolic significance and offer numerous additional benefits.
One of the reasons for their popularity as indoor houseplants is their ability to thrive in low-light conditions where other plants may struggle. However, they do require an ample water supply and prefer higher humidity levels than what is typically found in many homes.
Why Propagate a Peace Lily Plant?
Propagating Peace Lily plants may require a bit more effort compared to some other houseplants, but the rewards make it worthwhile. By engaging in the propagation process, you can expand your collection of these beautiful plants within your home without incurring any additional costs. Instead of having just a single specimen, you’ll be able to spread the lushness of Peace Lilies throughout various areas of your living space. Moreover, propagating also presents an excellent opportunity to share the joy of houseplants with others.
While some houseplants can be easily multiplied through simple methods such as placing cuttings in water, Peace Lilies may require a slightly more involved approach. However, the effort invested in propagation will not only increase your plant count but also provide a sense of satisfaction as you witness new life sprouting and growing.
Whether you choose to divide the plant into multiple sections or take stem cuttings, propagating Peace Lilies allows you to create new thriving plants that can be distributed throughout your home or shared with friends and family. It’s a rewarding endeavor that not only multiplies your greenery but also spreads the beauty and benefits of Peace Lilies to enrich the lives of others.
Remove the Plant From Its Pot
When it comes to propagating Peace Lily plants through division, the process differs from propagating through cuttings. Instead of focusing on the above-soil portion, dividing plants involves examining the roots and separating the plant into multiple sections.
To begin, carefully remove the plant from its current pot. If it is planted in a plastic container, gently squeeze the sides to loosen the roots. For rigid containers like terracotta or ceramic, use a knife to run along the edges, freeing the roots from the sides, and then pull the plant out.
When removing the plant, ensure you turn the container on its side and gently pull from the base. It’s important to avoid pulling from the leaves or blooms, as this common propagation mistake can result in damage, particularly if the roots are firmly attached to the container.
Since division can be a messy task, similar to repotting, it’s a good idea to place some newspaper or a protective surface underneath to catch any soil. Once you have finished dividing the plant, you can easily wrap up the newspaper and take it outside, minimizing any mess.
Tease the Roots
After removing the Peace Lily plant from its pot and exposing the roots, take care to gently separate any sections that may be intertwined. Delicately tease the roots from the bottom, ensuring you loosen them from one another. While doing so, it can be helpful to remove some of the surrounding soil, allowing for better visibility of the plant’s base and aiding in the identification of sections to divide.
While it’s crucial to handle the roots with care to minimize damage, there’s no need to worry if a few roots break off during the process. As long as the majority of the roots remain healthy and intact, the plant will be resilient and capable of producing new roots. Plants have a remarkable ability to regenerate, and any minor root loss is unlikely to hinder their growth and development.
Remember, Peace Lily plants are more resilient than they may appear, and a few broken roots won’t impede their propagation success. By exercising gentleness and focusing on preserving the bulk of the healthy root system, you can confidently proceed with the division process and look forward to the growth of new, thriving sections.
Split Into Sections
The most challenging step in propagating Peace Lily plants through division is the actual splitting of the sections. Depending on the size of your Peace Lily, you can divide it into two or three sections, and sometimes even more. During the process, you may notice that smaller sections naturally separate, indicating they are ready to be replanted if they possess sufficient roots to thrive independently.
In my experience, I typically prefer to divide Peace Lilies into two sections to ensure that each plant maintains a lush appearance after propagation. This approach also guarantees that each section possesses an adequate number of leaves to promote robust growth and establish quickly once replanted.
To begin splitting the sections, firmly grasp each side and initiate a gentle pulling and shaking motion. Initially, it may feel like the sections are firmly attached and resistant to separation. However, by consistently applying slow, steady pressure, you will gradually feel the roots release, resulting in each section becoming independent.
Replant Each Section
To successfully replant each of the divided sections, gather an equal number of pots as the number of sections you have. It’s important to use a well-draining houseplant potting mix that closely matches the soil in which your Peace Lilies were originally planted. One suitable option is the Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting Mix available on Amazon, which is designed for a variety of houseplants and contains coconut coir for effective moisture control.
Avoid using regular potting soil or garden soil, as these tend to be too dense for Peace Lilies and can increase the risk of root rot. A recommended approach is to create your own potting mix by combining two parts potting soil with one part perlite for improved drainage and one part coconut coir for moisture retention.
Begin by filling each pot with a layer of the potting mix. Then, carefully lower each divided section into its respective container, ensuring the gaps around the plant are filled with additional potting soil. Gently press down around the base of the plant to eliminate any large air pockets. It’s essential to ensure that the plant is buried at the same height as before and that it remains upright to prevent it from becoming lopsided.
Peace Lily Care at a Glance
Once the excess moisture has drained, it’s time to find an ideal spot for your newly divided plants. If you’re using them for decorative purposes, choose a bright area that is shielded from direct sunlight and free from drafts. Peace Lilies thrive in well-lit environments, but direct sun can be too harsh for their delicate foliage.
It’s normal to observe some slight wilting in the weeks following the division. The plant needs time to recover and adjust to its new surroundings. Continue to provide appropriate care, including regular watering, and be patient. With time, each of your new Peace Lilies will regain their vigor and return to their normal, healthy state.
- Soil: Peace Lilies thrive in standard potting soil, ensuring good drainage for the roots.
- Light: They prefer bright indirect light or a spot with morning sun. Avoid placing them in direct sunlight, as it can scorch their leaves.
- Water: Keep the soil lightly moist, allowing the top inch to dry out slightly before watering again. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s essential to find the right balance.
- Food: Peace Lilies benefit from occasional feeding with a flowering houseplant food to promote healthy growth and blooming.
- Temperature and humidity: They can adapt to standard household temperatures and humidity levels, making them suitable for most indoor environments.
- Propagation: The most common method of propagation is by division. Carefully separate the plant into sections and replant them in separate containers, providing proper care as they establish themselves.
- Safety: It’s important to note that Peace Lilies are toxic if consumed by pets or people, so keep them out of reach of curious animals and children.
Frequently Asked Question
Can I propagate Peace Lily plants at home?
Yes, you can propagate Peace Lily plants at home through various methods such as division or stem cuttings.
What is the best method to propagate Peace Lilies?
The two common methods for propagating Peace Lilies are division and stem cuttings. Division involves separating the plant into multiple sections, while stem cuttings involve rooting a healthy stem in a separate container.
When is the best time to propagate Peace Lilies?
Spring or early summer is the ideal time to propagate Peace Lilies when they are actively growing.
How do I divide a Peace Lily plant?
To divide a Peace Lily, gently remove the plant from its pot, tease apart the roots, and separate the plant into sections. Replant each section in a separate pot with fresh potting mix.
Can I propagate Peace Lilies from stem cuttings?
Yes, Peace Lilies can be propagated from stem cuttings. Take a healthy stem, preferably with a few leaves, and place it in water or a moist growing medium until roots develop.
What kind of soil should I use for propagating Peace Lilies?
Use a well-draining houseplant potting mix for propagating Peace Lilies. Avoid dense soils, such as regular garden soil, as they can lead to root rot.
How often should I water the propagated Peace Lily plants?
Water the propagated Peace Lily plants whenever the top inch of soil feels dry. Ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogging.
How long does it take for propagated Peace Lily plants to establish?
It can take a few weeks for propagated Peace Lily plants to fully establish. During this time, monitor their growth, provide adequate care, and be patient as they adapt to their new environment.
Propagating Peace Lily plants at home can be a rewarding and enjoyable endeavor. Whether you choose to propagate through division or stem cuttings, this process allows you to expand your indoor garden with new plants while sharing the joy of gardening with others.
When propagating through division, gently separate the plant into sections, taking care to loosen the roots and remove excess soil. Replant each section in well-draining potting mix, ensuring they are buried at the same height as before. Water thoroughly to help the roots settle and find their place in the soil.
For those opting to propagate through stem cuttings, select a healthy stem, remove it from the parent plant, and encourage root growth in a separate container with moist potting mix. Maintain proper moisture levels and provide indirect light for successful rooting.
Throughout the propagation process, it’s important to be patient and provide the necessary care. While slight wilting may occur initially, with time and proper care, the plants will recover and thrive.